Female genital mutilation is a complex business. It involves deeply entrenched beliefs, real and resolute social and economic forces, human agency of a particularly intimate nature, brutality and secrecy. It is also held by large numbers of those involved, and perhaps also by the recipient of the action, to be in the best interests of the person who experiences it.
These are not easy issues to unpick, and the path towards understanding and arresting the practice is further complicated by the gulf between the traditions and beliefs which engender and enable, even ennoble, FGM, and those which proclaim it without exception to be abhorrent abuse.
TOPICS CONSIDERED in Chapter 8 of the book Eradicating Female Genital Mutilation:
Collectivism and individuality varies in diaspora communities Discuss
Opportunities for dialogue Discuss
Finding a way forward Discuss
Evaluating risks and strategies Discuss
Voluntary agencies and community activism in Britain
community activism Discuss
voluntary and non-governmental organisations Discuss
FGM voluntary and NGO typologies Discuss
acknowledging long-time campaigners Discuss
including men Discuss
* Any other issues concerning prevention (communities)? Discuss